In one of my previous posts, CONTINUE HANDLER in MySQL – One way, with examples, I hinted at a forthcoming piece on the topic of using a
CURSOR without a
CONTINUE HANDLER. Read on and learn the exact error you should see and more importantly, what it means.
Note: All data, names or naming found within the database presented in this post, are strictly used for practice, learning, instruction, and testing purposes. It by no means depicts actual data belonging to or being used by any party or organization.
OS and DB used:
- Xubuntu Linux 16.04.5 LTS (Xenial Xerus)
- MySQL 8.0.15
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The below Stored Procedure is quite similar to the Procedure demonstrated in the previous post (linked above), yet with one subtle, but important difference.
DEFINER = CURRENT_USER
PROCEDURE bv_copies_each_genre(p_category VARCHAR(35))
DECLARE v_finish INTEGER DEFAULT 0;
DECLARE v_book_name VARCHAR(35);
DECLARE v_num_copies INTEGER;
DECLARE v_cur CURSOR FOR SELECT b.title FROM book AS b INNER JOIN book_genre AS bg USING(genre_id) WHERE bg.genre_type = p_category;
IF p_category NOT IN (SELECT genre_type FROM book_genre) THEN
SELECT 'Genre choice not available.' AS final_message;
how_many : LOOP
FETCH v_cur INTO v_book_name;
IF v_finish = 1 THEN
SET v_num_copies = FOUND_ROWS();
IF v_num_copies > 1 THEN
SELECT CONCAT_WS(' ', 'There are', v_num_copies , 'titles available to choose from in the', p_category, 'genre.') AS final_message;
SELECT CONCAT_WS(' ', 'There is', v_num_copies , 'title available to choose from in the', p_category, 'genre.') AS final_message;
Did you notice there is no
CONTINUE HANDLER in this Procedure?
What happens now if I
Only one way to find out…
mysql> CALL bv_copies_each_genre('Fantasy');
ERROR 1329 (02000): No data - zero rows fetched, selected, or processed
An explicit error message is returned that we can put to use in troubleshooting and to learn more about the condition in general. I’ll refer to some excellent online documentation for better understanding. (The MySQL official documentation lists the error message here, however, it pretty much mirrors that provided in the command-line output above.)
Basically, this error occurs because the
CURSOR is out of rows, having traversed to the end of the result set provided via the
SELECT statement it is comprised of.
The MariaDB Cursor Overview documentation surmises it very well so I encourage you to consult that resource.
Also, the Cursor FETCH section from the MySQL docs names this as a No Data condition.
I hope through this quick blog post, you now know why you must handle a
CURSOR in some way. Typically, it’s with a
CONTINUE HANDLER but in a coming-up blog post, I’ll try my hand at using an
EXIT HANDLER instead so be sure and stay tuned for that post when it drops!
Like what you have read? See anything incorrect? Please comment below and thanks for reading!!!
Explore the official MySQL 8.0 Online Manual for more information.
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Josh Otwell has a passion to study and grow as a SQL Developer and blogger. Other favorite activities find him with his nose buried in a good book, article, or the Linux command line. Among those, he shares a love of tabletop RPG games, reading fantasy novels, and spending time with his wife and two daughters.
Disclaimer: The examples presented in this post are hypothetical ideas of how to achieve similar types of results. They are not the utmost best solution(s). The majority, if not all, of the examples provided, is performed on a personal development/learning workstation-environment and should not be considered production quality or ready. Your particular goals and needs may vary. Use those practices that best benefit your needs and goals. Opinions are my own.